Mulch plays an important role in gardening. It can add nutrients and build soil fertility, improve the structure and capacity of the soil, protect bare soil from nutrient loss and erosion, retain moisture in the soil and help reduce water use, suppress weeds and reduce weed growth, and more. That is the reason why in the post today, we want to share 19 types of mulch for your garden, and if you are owning a garden, this post is for you. Check them out with us.
Scrolling down slowly, as you can see, all of them are made from fall leaves, straw, weeds, …in the garden. They are ready to lie on the trash or burn, but you can take advantage of them to make good mulch to protect your garden as well as boost your plants grow well. With this mulch, you will save a large of money on buying fertilizers. Because they contain a wide range of beneficial nutrients and are forms of brown organic matter that will improve the structure and characteristics of your soil. These options are great for adding around edible crops and other plants in your garden.
All composts can be great to use as mulch. But the worm castings from a vermicomposting system mean that it can be particularly good as a soil amending mulch. Bokashi ferments are great to feed the worms in such a system.
#2 Well-Rotted Manure
Well-rotted manure can also be used as a mulch, but for most types of manure, it is important to compost/age them first. Different manures have different benefits, and different nutrient profiles. You can also use plenty of other types of manure in your garden, including manure from poultry and birds, cattle manure, horse manure, sheep/ goat manure…
#3 Leaf Mold
Another extremely valuable brown organic matter mulch for your garden is leaf mold. Leaf mold is basically dried leaves that have broken down to make a light and crumbly brown material that you can use on garden beds. Fall leaves can also be used as a mulch as is. Carbon-rich organic mulches add nutrients but are particularly beneficial for increasing soil carbon and improving the structure of the soil.
#4 Fall Leaves
Under trees and shrubs, fall leaves can serve as a natural mulch, just as they do on a woodland or forest floor. Over time, they break down to create a rich humus and replenish fertility, returning nutrients to the system.
#5 Wood Chip
Wood chips and other woody materials can also be extremely useful as mulch. It is great around fruit trees, mature shrubs and woody perennials, but is not necessarily always such a good idea in a vegetable garden.
Straw is another carbon-rich material commonly used as mulch. Like other carbon-rich materials, can help build the soil as it decomposes. It is particularly beneficial for retaining moisture in summer and keeping shallow roots safe from the winter cold. It is also useful because it is very good for keeping fruits up off the soil. It is often used as a mulch around strawberries, or around cucurbits.
#7 Pine Needles
Pine needles are carbon-rich material often used as mulch is pine needles. They make the soil more acidic when incorporated into the soil, but only very gently and slowly.
#8 Green, Leafy Material
Any green leafy material can be used to make a mulch, and all will return nitrogen to the system to some degree. Nitrogen-fixing plants are particularly high in nitrogen, and so chopping and dropping these around other plants can be a great way to replenish nitrogen in the system.
#9 Grass Clippings
Grass clippings are one source of nitrogen-rich plant material, it can be used as a mulch around brassica and other nitrogen-hungry plants, or added alongside a carbon rich material for a more general-purpose sheet mulch solution.
#10 Coffee Grounds
Coffee grounds are another nitrogen-rich material often used as mulch. If you do decide to mulch certain plants with coffee grounds, this can help boost the fertility of the soil for nitrogen-hungry plants. But make sure you mix the coffee grounds well with other organic materials. Better yet, compost them first and then use the compost as mulch material.